Best Bitcoin Card for Somalia
The Republic of Somalia lies on the Horn of Africa and is the easternmost state on the continent. To the north it borders Djibouti and the Gulf of Aden, to the east and south on the Indian Ocean (a total of about 3,300 km of coastline), to the southwest on Kenya and to the west and northwest on Ethiopia. With an area of 637 657 km², the country is almost twice as large as Germany.
The north of Somalia is characterized by the foothills of the Ethiopian highlands, which drop steeply to the north (Gulf of Aden) to a narrow coastal strip. In the highlands lies the highest mountain of the country, the Shimbiris with 2 416 m. Towards the south, the highlands gradually flatten out to a hull area about 500 m above sea level, which is dominated by individual island mountains. The southeastern coastal section is separated by a belt of dunes up to 50 km wide. In the extreme south, there is a wide accumulation plain of the rivers Webi Shebeli and Webi Jubba, which, in contrast to most other Somali rivers, carry water all year round and flow into the Indian Ocean here. The capital Mogadishu is located in the south of the country on the coast to the Indian Ocean.
Somalia is a federal republic according to the provisional constitution of 2012. The head of state (since September 2012 Hassan Sheikh Mohamud) is elected by parliament every four years. Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed has been the head of government since December 2013.
The parliament consists of two houses: the Senate with 54 appointed members (reappointed every four years) and the House of the People with 275 appointed members (also reappointed every four years). Islamic law (Sharia) applies. Somalia is currently divided into 18 regions (Gobolka). Somaliland, Puntland Galmudug and Jubaland are special cases which strive for autonomy to varying degrees.
Somalia is one of the poorest countries in the world. It is very underdeveloped, the infrastructure is almost completely destroyed by the civil war.
The livelihoods of a large part of the population continue to be based on livestock farming, which is predominantly carried out by nomads and semi-nomads, and agriculture. More than two thirds of export revenues come from this sector, mainly live animals, hides and skins as well as bananas and dates. In the savannah areas of Somalia, predominantly in the south, antelopes (e.g. oryx antelopes), zebras, giraffes, lions, leopards, elephants, jackals and hyenas live. Crocodiles and hippos live in the marshes.
The Somali wild ass is rare. Several nature reserves and game reserves have been established to protect the wildlife. Population The population of Somalia is estimated since the last official census was conducted in 1987. Since then, factors such as the massive movements of refugees and the numerous deaths in the civil war have had just as unpredictable an impact on the population as the influx and outflow of nomadic tribes in the desert areas.