Best Bitcoin Card for Albania
Albania is a country in Southeastern Europe. Untouched nature and varied landscapes characterize large parts of Albania. It is home to unique species of fauna and flora, which makes Albania one of the most biodiverse countries in Europe in terms of size. With its interesting culture and Mediterranean climate, Albania has other prerequisites for the development of various types of tourism. Its coastline has two distinct parts: from the border with Yugoslavia to the Bay of Wallonia (Vlorë) has alluvial plains that in winter become partially marshy; further south the coast has Mediterranean climate and is surrounded by mountains. The inland, mountainous, has very poor soils and there dominates the livestock. Cotton, tobacco and maize are grown in the plains; rice, olive trees, vines and wheat are grown in the valleys. The forests cover a large part of the territory. The country is rich in metallic minerals and has oil deposits.
People: Albanians (96%) are a homogeneous ethnic group. There is a small Greek minority.
Religion: Religious cults were authorized in 1989, after being banned in 1967. Pre-1967 estimates place Islamism as the majority belief (70%), second to Orthodox Albanians (20%) and the Catholic Church (10%) in third place.
Languages: Albanian (official) and dialectal forms.
Political parties: (The Constitution in force since 30 April 1991 enshrined the multiparty system). The Democratic Party (PDA), in government, liberal democratic, in favour of the market economy. Socialist Party (PS), opponent, former communist, today advocates democratic socialism in a market economy. Others: Social Democratic Party (PSD), in favour of gradual economic reforms; Union for Human Rights; Republican Party of Albania (PRA); Women’s Federation of Albania, independent, without parliamentary representation; Ecological Party.
Social Organizations: The Central Council of Albanian Trade Unions has 610,000 members.
- Official name: Republíka e Shqipërísé
- Administrative division: 26 districts
- Capital city: Tirana (Tiranë), 244,200 inhabitants (1990).
- Other cities: Durazzo (Durrës), 85,400 inhabitants; Elbasan, 83,300 inhabitants; Shkoder (Scutari), 81,900 inhabitants; Walloon (Vlorë), 73,800 inhabitants (1990)
- Government: Parliamentary Republic. Sali Berisha, President and Head of State (elected in April 1992)
- National holiday: 29 November, liberation day (1944).
- Armed forces: 73,000 (22,400 conscripts).
- Paramilitaries: 16,000; International Security Force: 5,000; Popular Militia: 3,500.
Origin of the name
Shqipëria originally did not mean “land of the eagle”, but is derived from the no longer used shqiptoj (pronounce) or shqipoj (speak clearly) and designates those who speak Albanian.
The name “Albania” may have its origin in the pre-Celtic Alb (“hill” from which the Alps originate) or the Indo-European *albh (“white” from which Albion originates). The Italo-Albanians and the Albanian minorities (in Greece) have been named differently over time: Arbënuer, Arbënor, Arbëneshë, Arbreshë. There is no doubt that the root is alb- or Arb- older than shqip, from which the modern name of the country (Shqipëria) derives.